Hematology

Hematology Department is the specialized department for diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant diseases of blood. This department is highly specialized in the treatment of lymphoma, multiple myeloma, acute and chronic leukemias and stem cell transplantation (bone marrow transplantation). The physicians in this department take care of lymph node disorders, blood and bone marrow disorders and diseases of the immune system. There are numerous treatment modalities using modern novel drugs, antibodies, targeted treatments, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and stem cell transplantation.

In recent years, huge improvements could be achieved both in the exact diagnosis and optimal treatment of hematological disorders. Many of the blood diseases can be cured. Since some blood diseases may be life-threatening, they must be properly diagnosed and treated without any delay.

Diagnosis and treatment of all diseases that are within the context of hematology are performed in the unit mainly by faculty members and also by specialists and residents. All types of anemia (oligocythemia) (iron deficiency anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency anemia etc.), congenital blood diseases (Mediterranean anemia, sickle cell anemia and other abnormal hemoglobins), bone marrow deficiencies (aplastic anemia, Fanconi aplastic anemia, Diamand-Blackfan anemia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, neutropenia), pediatric leukemia, bleeding diathesis, thrombosis (clotting disorders) and hemophagocytic syndromes are the diseases monitored in the department. Complete blood count, hemoglobin electrophoresis, erythrocyte enzyme, pre-natal diagnosis, flow cytometry and DNA analyses are performed at the laboratory which is available within the department.

The bone marrow transplantation from suitable donors is performed in Bone Marrow Transplantation Unit.

Frequent hematological diseases are:

Multiple myeloma,

Hodgkin lymphoma,

Non-Hodgkin-lymphomas,

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML),

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL),

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL),

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML),

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS),

Myeloproliferative diseases,

Anemia, functional or numerical abnormalities of leucocytes (white blood cells, WBC), erythrocytes (red blood cells, RBC) and platelets,

Coagulation disorders,

Diseases of the immune system.